Chinese Etymology

Chinese Etymology

Uncle Hanzi (汉字叔叔)
richard.sears.tn@gmail.com
http://www.chineseetymology.org

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Character:

Character (單一漢字)
English Senses For (英文): dong1
the east / eastern / to travel eastward / the host / the master / the owner / a Chinese family name

Simplified (簡體字):
Unicode := 4E1C
GB2312-80 := B6AB


New! Simplification explanation under construction.

东東(cursive)

Traditional (繁體字):
Unicode := 6771
Big5 := AA46


(聲字部分):
東 dong1 (productive phonetic)

(有意部分):



History of Chinese Writing

中國文字的歷史

Spoken Chinese and Other Languages

Unicode Tests

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Chinese Encoding and Conversion

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ShuoWen: (說文解字):
動也從木官溥說從日在木中凡東之屬皆從東

In the old days, "things" were wrapped up. "heavy" things were wrapped in blankets, or put in "baskets". Heavy things were wrapped in blankets that served as bags which could be carried on the back, and little things were wrapped in smaller bags or kept in baskets. 东 is a bag or wrap full of something heavy, and 重is a man carrying one of those heavy bags. 东 is borrowed for its pronunciation like 重 and is used for the direction "east". 西is a small wrapped package or basket. It is also used for the word for "west". Together they make the character combination for the "things" 东西 which are in those bags and the things that are all over the place from east and west. The fact that the modern character东 resembles the sun 日 rising over a tree 木 is only an accident. 西 is not a birds nest as the Shuowen sais, but a basket.

New! etymology explanation under construction.

Primitive pictograph 东東. A bag of things tied at both ends 东東. Meaning things. Later borrowed for sound.



Seal (說文解字裏的篆體字)

S04417

LST Seal (六書通裏的篆體字) Characters

L00002 L00003 L00004 L00005 L00006 L00007 L00008
L00009 L29632 L29633 L29634 L29635 L29636 L29637
L29638

Bronze (金文编裏的字) Characters

B08837 B08838 B08839 B08840 B08841 B08842 B08843
B08844 B08845 B08846 B08847 B08848 B08849 B08850
B08851 B08852 B08853 B08854 B08855 B08856

Oracle (甲骨文编裏的字) Characters

J14291 J14292 J14293 J14294 J14295 J14296 J14297
J14298 J14299 J14300 J14301 J14302 J14303 J14304
J14305 J14306 J14307 J14308 J14309 J14310 J14311
J14312 J14313 J14314 J14315 J14316 J14317 J14318
J14319 J14320 J14321 J14322 J14323 J14324 J14325
J14326 J14327 J14328 J14329 J14330 J14331 J14332
J14333 J14334 J14335 J14336 J14337 J14338 J14339
J14340 J14341 J14342 J14343 J14344 J14345 J14346
J14347 J14348 J14349 J14350 J14351 J14352 J14353
J14354 J14355 J14356 J14357 J14358 J14359 J14360
J14361 J14362 J14363 J14364 J14365 J14366 J14367
J14368 J14369 J14370 J14371

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